Maitotoxin-induced calcium entry in human lymphocytes: modulation by yessotoxin, Ca(2+) channel blockers and kinases.
de la Rosa LA
, Alfonso A
, Vilariño N
, Vieytes MR
, Yasumoto T
, Botana LM
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary, University of Santiago de Compostela, Lugo 27002, Spain.
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We have studied the effect of the ciguatera-related toxin maitotoxin (MTX) on the cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) of human peripheral blood lymphocytes loaded with the fluorescent probe Fura2 and the regulation of MTX action by different drugs known to interfere in cellular Ca(2+) signalling mechanisms and by the marine phycotoxin yessotoxin (YTX). MTX produced a concentration-dependent elevation of [Ca(2+)]i in a Ca(2+)-containing medium. This effect was stimulated by pretreatment with YTX 1 microM and NiCl(2) 15 microM. The voltage-independent Ca(2+) channel antagonist 1-[beta-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)propoxyl]-4-methoxyphenyl]-1H-imidazole hydrochloride (SKF96365) blocked the MTX-induced [Ca(2+)]i elevation, while the L-type channel blocker nifedipine had no effect. Pretreatment with NiCl(2) or nifedipine did not modify YTX-induced potentiation of MTX effect, and SKF96365-induced inhibition was reduced in the presence of YTX, which suggest different pathways to act on [Ca(2+)]i. Preincubation with N-[2-(p-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide.2HCl (H-89) or genistein (10 microM) also had no effect on the MTX-induced [Ca(2+)]i increment. In contrast, the PKC inhibitor bisindolilmaleimide I (GF109203X 1 microM) potentiated the MTX effect, whereas phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase inhibition with wortmannin (10 nM) reduced the MTX-elicited Ca(2+) entry. In summary, MTX produced Ca(2+) influx into human lymphocytes through a SKF96365-sensitive, nifedipine-insensitive pathway. The MTX-induced [Ca(2+)]i elevation was stimulated by the marine toxin YTX through a mechanism insensitive to SKF96365, nifedipine or NiCl(2). It was also stimulated by the divalent cation Ni(2+) and PKC inhibition and was partially inhibited by PI 3-kinase inhibition.
PMID: 11602181 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]