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Immunological changes in patients with primary osteoarthritis of the hip after total joint replacement.

著者 Granchi D , Savarino L , Ciapetti G , Cenni E , Rotini R , Mieti M , Baldini N , Giunti A
J Bone Joint Surg Br.2003 Jul ; 85(5):758-64.
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We aimed to assess whether the immunological abnormalities which have been observed in patients with loose total hip replacements (THRs) are present in patients with a well-fixed prosthesis. We examined blood samples from 39 healthy donors, 22 patients before THR and 41 with well-fixed THRs of different types (15 metal-on-metal, 13 metal-on-polyethylene, 13 ceramic-on-ceramic). Before THR, the patients showed a decrease in leukocytes and myeloid cells in comparison with healthy donors, and a prevalence of type-1 T lymphocytes, which was confirmed by the increase in ratio of interferon-gamma to interleukin 4. Moreover, patients with metal-on-metal or metal-on-polyethylene implants showed a significant decrease in the number of T lymphocytes and a significant increase in the serum level of chromium and cobalt, although no significant correlation was observed with the immunological changes. In the ceramic-on-ceramic group, leukocytes and lymphocyte subsets were not significantly changed, but a significant increase in type-2 cytokines restored the ratio of interferon-gamma to interleukin 4 to normal values. We conclude that abnormalities of the cell-mediated immune response may be present in patients with a well-fixed THR, and that the immunological changes are more evident in those who have at least one metal component in the articular coupling.
PMID: 12892206 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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