Molecular tagging of erucic acid trait in oilseed mustard (Brassica juncea) by QTL mapping and single nucleotide polymorphisms in FAE1 gene.
, Mukhopadhyay A
, Arumugam N
, Sodhi YS
, Pental D
, Pradhan AK
Centre for Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants and Department of Genetics, University of Delhi South Campus, Benito Juarez Road, New Delhi 110021, India.
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Molecular mapping and tagging of the erucic acid trait (C22:1) in Brassica juncea was done by a candidate gene approach. Two QTLs underlying the variation of seed erucic acid content were assigned to two linkage groups of a B. juncea map using a doubled haploid (DH) mapping population derived from high x low erucic acid F(1) hybrid. Two consensus primers corresponding to the full-length Fatty Acid Elongase 1 ( FAE1) gene, reported to be involved in the elongation of C18:1 to C22:1, were designed. PCR amplification and subsequent cloning and sequencing identified two FAE1 genes ( FAE1.1 and FAE1.2) in both high and low erucic acid mustard lines. Sequence alignment of corresponding FAE1 genes between high and low erucic acid mustard lines identified four substitution type single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FAE1.1 and three in FAE1.2. Using the SNuPE method of SNP genotyping, these two genes were mapped to two independent loci that co-segregated with the two QTLs governing the erucic acid trait. Association of wild ( E1E2) and mutant ( e1e2) haplotypes of two FAE1 genes with erucic acid variation in two segregating populations revealed that the e1e1e2e2 genotype identified low erucic acid individuals (<2%) and E1E1E2E2 identified individuals with highest erucic acid content (>40%). The E1e1E2e2 heterozygote was found to be intermediate in phenotype. The applicability of these SNPs in marker-assisted manipulation of the erucic acid trait was verified by genotyping a set of contrasting germplasm of B. juncea belonging to two distinct gene pools (Indian and east European) and other oil-yielding Brassica species.
PMID: 14564400 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]