Arthroscopic repair of wide rotator cuff ruptures is burdened by a percentage of recurrences that is greater than the repair carried out when an open technique is used. One of the main reasons for this difference can be searched for in the minor hold of stitching on the tendinous aspect obtained with arthroscopic repair. In fact, when an open technique is used, good hold can be guaranteed by using reinforced stitches such as the modified Mason-Allen. Thus, arthroscopic repair technique on the tendinous aspect, particularly in wide and massive injuries, must be improved. It was the purpose of this study to compare a new reinforced stitch that can easily be obtained in arthroscopy (simple stitch that orthogonally crosses a horizontal stitch previously knotted on the tendon: SS-HL), with traditional stitches (simple stitch, mattress-stitch and modified Mason-Allen stitch). Tests were carried out on sheep infraspinatus tendons in order to evaluate the resistance of pull-out. The SS-HL stitch showed resistance to loading that was similar to that when the modified Mason-Allen was used, but it was greater than that shown by the simple stitch (+48%) and the mattress stitch (+35%).
PMID: 16422236 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]