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ニホンザル 餌を得るため2匹が協力 初めて確認か 阪大が実験 (NHK)

2匹のニホンザルが餌を獲得するために互いに協力して行動できることを大阪大学の研究グループが実験で確認し、ニホンザルの新たな側面として注目されています。 実験を進...

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An Allee Effect Reduces the Invasive Potential of Tilletia indica.

著者 Garrett KA , Bowden RL
Phytopathology.2002 Nov ; 92(11):1152-9.
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ABSTRACT The Karnal bunt pathogen, Tilletia indica, is heterothallic and depends on encounters on wheat spikes between airborne secondary sporidia of different mating types for successful infection and reproduction. This life history characteristic results in reduced reproductive success for lower population densities. Such destabilizing density dependence at low population levels has been described for a range of animals and plants and is often termed an Allee effect. Our objective was to characterize how the Allee effect might reduce the invasive potential of this economically important pathogen. We developed a simple population model of T. indica that incorporates an Allee effect by calculating the probability of infection for different numbers of secondary sporidia in the infection court. An Allee effect is predicted to be important at the frontier of an invasion, for establishment of new foci by a small population of teliospores, and when the environment is nonconducive for the production of secondary sporidia. Using estimated model parameter values, we demonstrated a theoretical threshold population size below which populations of T. indica were predicted to decline rather than increase. This threshold will vary from season to season as a function of weather variables and their effect on the reproductive potential of T. indica. Deployment of partial resistance or use of fungicides may be more useful if they push population levels below this threshold.
PMID: 18944239 [PubMed - in process]
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