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Prognostic Power of Pre- and Postoperative B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Levels in Patients Undergoing Abdominal Aortic Surgery.

著者 Vetrugno L , Costa MG , Pompei L , Chiarandini P , Drigo D , Bassi F , Gonano N , Muzzi R , Della Rocca G この記事をPubMed上で見るPubMedで表示
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Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria "Santa Maria della Misericordia", University of Udine, Udine, Italy.

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OBJECTIVES: The first aim of the present study was to evaluate the pre- and postoperative B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in patients undergoing surgery for repair of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and analyze their power as a predictor of in-hospital cardiac events. The second aim was to evaluate the association among pre- and postoperative BNP levels, postoperative patient complications, and length of hospital stay. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: A university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-five patients undergoing elective surgery for an abdominal aortic aneurysm. INTERVENTIONS: The plasma BNP level was assessed just before surgery and then on postoperative day 1. Cardiac troponin I levels were measured postoperatively on arrival to the intensive care unit (time 0) and then 12, 48, and 72 hours later. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The preoperative BNP concentration in patients who developed an acute myocardial infarction was 209 (IQR 84-346) pg/mL compared with 74 (IQR 28-142) pg/mL in those who did not. The difference between groups was statistically significant (p = 0.04). The Spearman correlation showed that postoperative BNP levels correlated significantly with preoperative BNP levels (r = 0.73, p = 0.0001), length of hospital stay (r = 0.35, p = 0.04), and troponin I concentration at 0 hour (r = 0.42, p = 0.02), 12 hours (r = 0.51, p = 0.0052), and 48 hours (r = 0.40, p = 0.033). In contrast, preoperative BNP levels correlated with troponin I at only 12 hours (r = 0.34, p = 0.02). Postoperative BNP levels were influenced significantly by transfusions (p = 0.035) and cross-clamping times (p = 0.038). CONCLUSIONS: The present results confirm the high negative predictive value of preoperative BNP levels; and postoperative BNP levels showed a better correlation with postoperative troponin levels, blood transfusion, and postoperative cardiac events.
PMID: 22387082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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