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がん種類別・ステージ別 5年生存率の詳細データ (NHK)

国立がん研究センターが発表した、5年生存率のがんの種類・ステージ別のデータは以下のとおりです。全体の生存率が高い順に示します。 前立腺がん ▽ステージ1=100...

  1. がん 5年生存率 全体で66.4% 最高...
  2. 首位アジルバがオルメテックを大きく突き放...
  3. 【動画】この薬を食前に飲んで下さい。 (...
  4. 遺伝性乳がん 予防切除、保険適用 中医協...

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Access rate to the emergency department for venous thromboembolism in relationship with coarse and fine particulate matter air pollution.

著者 Martinelli N , Girelli D , Cigolini D , Sandri M , Ricci G , Rocca G , Olivieri O
PLoS One.2012 ; 7(4):e34831.
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Particulate matter (PM) air pollution has been associated with cardiovascular and respiratory disease. Recent studies have proposed also a link with venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk. This study was aimed to evaluate the possible influence of air pollution-related changes on the daily flux of patients referring to the Emergency Department (ED) for VTE, dissecting the different effects of coarse and fine PM. From July 1(st), 2007, to June 30(th), 2009, data about ED accesses for VTE and about daily concentrations of PM air pollution in Verona district (Italy) were collected. Coarse PM (PM(10-2.5)) was calculated by subtracting the finest PM(2.5) from the whole PM(10). During the index period a total of 302 accesses for VTE were observed (135 males and 167 females; mean age 68.3 ± 16.7 years). In multiple regression models adjusted for other atmospheric parameters PM(10-2.5), but not PM(2.5), concentrations were positively correlated with VTE (beta-coefficient = 0.237; P = 0.020). During the days with high levels of PM(10-2.5) (≥ 75(th) percentile) there was an increased risk of ED accesses for VTE (OR 1.69 with 95%CI 1.13-2.53). By analysing days of exposure using distributed lag non-linear models, the increase of VTE risk was limited to PM(10-2.5) peaks in the short-term period. Consistently with these results, in another cohort of subjects without active thrombosis (n = 102) an inverse correlation between PM(10-2.5) and prothrombin time was found (R = -0.247; P = 0.012). Our results suggest that short-time exposure to high concentrations of PM(10-2.5) may favour an increased rate of ED accesses for VTE through the induction of a prothrombotic state.
PMID: 22509360 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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