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Yessotoxin induces ER-stress followed by autophagic cell death in glioma cells mediated by mTOR and BNIP3.

著者 Rubiolo JA , López-Alonso H , Martínez P , Millán A , Cagide E , Vieytes MR , Vega FV , Botana LM
Cell Signal.2014 Feb ; 26(2):419-32.
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Yessotoxin at nanomolar concentrations can induce programmed cell death in different model systems. Paraptosis-like cell death induced by YTX in BC3H1 cells, which are insensitive to several caspase inhibitors,has also been reported. This makes yessotoxin of interest in the search of molecules that target cancer cells vulnerabilities when resistance to apoptosis is observed. To better understand the effect of this molecule at the molecular level on tumor cells, we conducted a transcriptomic analysis using 3 human glioma cell lines with different sensitivities to yessotoxin. We show that the toxin induces a deregulation of the lipid metabolism in glioma cells as a consequence of induction of endoplasmic reticulum stress. The endoplasmic reticulum stress in turn arrests the cell cycle and inhibits the protein synthesis. In the three cell lines used we show that YTX induces autophagy, which is involved in cell death. The sensibility of the cell lines used towards autophagic cell death was related to their doubling time, being the cell line with the lowest proliferation rate the most resistant.The involvement of mTOR and BNIP3 in the autophagy induction was also determined.
PMID: 24511615 [PubMed - in process]
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