To establish whether Parkinson's disease (PD) brains previously described to have decreased glucocerebrosidase activity exhibit accumulation of the lysosomal enzyme's substrate, glucosylceramide, or other changes in lipid composition, lipidomic analyses and cholesterol measurements were performed on the putamen (n = 5-7) and cerebellum (n = 7-14) of controls, Parkinson's disease brains with heterozygote GBA1 mutations (PD+GBA), or sporadic PD. Total glucosylceramide levels were unchanged in both PD+GBA and sporadic PD brains when compared with controls. No changes in glucosylsphingosine (deacetylated glucosylceramide), sphingomyelin, gangliosides (GM2, GM3), or total cholesterol were observed in either putamen or cerebellum. This study did not demonstrate glucocerebrosidase substrate accumulation in PD brains with heterozygote GBA1 mutations in areas of the brain with low α-synuclein pathology. © 2015 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
PMID: 26096906 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]