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A comparative genetics approach allowed to precisely determine the map position of the restorer gene Rfp3 in rye and revealed that Rfp3 and the restorer gene Rfm1 in barley reside at different positions in a syntenic 4RL/6HS segment. Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is a reliable and striking genetic mechanism for hybrid seed production. Breeding of CMS-based hybrids in cereals requires the use of effective restorer genes as an indispensable pre-requisite. We report on the fine mapping of a restorer gene for the Pampa cytoplasm in winter rye that has been tapped from the Iranian primitive rye population Altevogt 14160. For this purpose, we have mapped 41 gene-derived markers to a 38.8 cM segment in the distal part of the long arm of chromosome 4R, which carries the restorer gene. Male fertility restoration was comprehensively analyzed in progenies of crosses between a male-sterile tester genotype and 21 recombinant as well as six non-recombinant BC4S2 lines. This approach allowed us to validate the position of this restorer gene, which we have designated Rfp3, on chromosome 4RL. Rfp3 was mapped within a 2.5 cM interval and cosegregated with the EST-derived marker c28385. The gene-derived conserved ortholog set (COS) markers enabled us to investigate the orthology of restorer genes originating from different genetic resources of rye as well as barley. The observed localization of Rfp3 and Rfm1 in a syntenic 4RL/6HS segment asks for further efforts towards cloning of both restorer genes as an option to study the mechanisms of male sterility and fertility restoration in cereals.
PMID: 28315925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]