Glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue liraglutide ameliorates atherogenesis via inhibiting advanced glycation end product-induced receptor for advanced glycosylation end product expression in apolipoprotein-E deficient mice.
, Tang Z
, Wang L
, Feng B
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Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) can protect arteriosclerotic lesions in apolipoprotein-E deficient (ApoE-/-) mice. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs)/receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) interaction serves a key role in the development of diabetic vascular complications. The present study examined whether the GLP-1 analogue liraglutide can ameliorate atherogenesis via inhibiting AGEs-induced RAGE expression. Male ApoE-/- mice (age, 10 weeks) were divided into control, GLP-1, AGEs and AGEs+GLP-1 group. All mice were fed a high-fat diet. The AGEs and AGEs+GLP-1 groups were treated with intraperitoneal injection of AGEs (30 mg/kg/day). The GLP-1 and AGEs+GLP-1 groups were treated with subcutaneous injections of liraglutide (0.4 mg/kg/day). After 9 weeks, blood was drawn and the aortas were rapidly procured. The serum levels of AGEs, soluble RAGE (sRAGE), stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α), total cholesterol and triacylglycerol were measured. Atherosclerotic plaque area was determined by Sudan IV staining. The mRNA and protein expression levels of RAGE were determined using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively. The results demonstrated that AGEs treatment increased serum AGEs levels, increased the expression of RAGE in the aorta, and aggravated atherosclerotic lesions compared with the control. Liraglutide treatment reduced serum AGEs levels, reduced the expression of RAGE in aorta, and relieved atherosclerotic lesions compared with the control. In conclusion, these data suggested that liraglutide serves an anti-atherosclerotic effect via inhibiting AGEs-induced RAGE expression in ApoE-/- mice. These findings provide novel evidence for the use of GLP-1-type agents for the treatment of diabetic vascular complications.
PMID: 28713911 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]