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Inhibiting post-translational core fucosylation protects against albumin-induced proximal tubular epithelial cell injury.

著者 Wang D , Fang M , Shen N , Li L , Wang W , Wang L , Lin H
Am J Transl Res.2017 ; 9(10):4415-4427.
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Albuminuria is an independent risk factor for renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF). Glomerular-filtered albumin in endocytic and non-endocytic pathways may injure proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs) via megalin and TGFβRII, respectively. Since megalin and TGFβRII are both modified by post-translational core fucosylation, which plays a critical role in RIF. Thus, we sought to identify whether core fucosylation is a potential target for reducing albumin-induced injury to PTECs. We constructed a human PTEC-derived cell line (HK-2 cells) and established an in vitro model of bovine serum albumin (BSA) injury. RNAi was used to inhibit the expression of megalin, TGFβRII, and Fut8. Western blotting, immunostaining, ELISA, lectin blotting, and fluorescence-activated cell sorting were used to identify BSA-induced endocytic and non-endocytic damage in HK-2 cells. Fut8 is a core fucosylation-related gene, which is significantly increased in HK-2 cells following an incubation with BSA. Fut8 siRNA significantly reduced the core fucosylation of megalin and TGFβRII and also inhibited the activation of the TGFβ/TGFβRII/Smad2/3 signaling pathway. Furthermore, Fut8 siRNA could reduce monocyte chemotactic protein-1, reactive oxygen species, and apoptosis, as well as significantly decrease the fibronectin and collagen I levels in BSA-overloaded HK-2 cells. Core fucosylation inhibition was more effective than inhibiting either megalin or TGFβRII for the prevention of albumin-induced injury to PTECs. Our findings indicate that post-translational core fucosylation is essential for the albumin-induced injury to PTECs. Thus, the inhibition of core fucosylation could effectively alleviate albumin-induced endocytic and non-endocytic injury to PTECs. Our study provides a potential therapeutic target for albuminuria-induced injury.
PMID: 29118904 [PubMed]
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