Gaucher disease (GD) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by the deficiency of glucocerebrosidase enzyme activity. Clinical phenotypes of GD are categorized into three groups: (i) non-neuronopathic GD (type 1), (ii) acute neuronopathic GD (type 2) and (iii) subacute neuronopathic GD (type 3). The high-risk screening of neuronopathic GD has been performed using an enzymatic assay on the dried blood spot (DBS) samples. We enrolled a total of 102 individuals (47 females, 55 males; 0-57 years old; median age 10.5 years) with various neurological symptoms. We detected two patients with very low enzyme activity and they were diagnosed with the disease by using glucocerebrosidase gene analysis. Patient 1 was found to be compound heterozygous for the p.R159W/p.R170C locus and patient 2 was found to harbor two mutations at the IVS7+1G>T (c.999+1G>T) and p.L483P sites. This simple screening protocol using DBS samples is useful for early diagnosis of GD in high-risk and underdiagnosed patients suffering from various neurological symptoms.
PMID: 29602947 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]