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A filamentous fungus displaying high cellulase activity was isolated from a compost heap with triticale (a wheat-rye hybrid) as the main constituent. It was preliminarily identified as a Talaromyces pinophilus species. A 2577 base pair β-glucosidase gene was cloned from complementary DNA and heterologously expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The recombinant β-glucosidase production profile was assessed and compared to that of the Saccharomycopsis fibuligera β-glucosidase which served as a benchmark. The enzyme was also characterised in terms of pH and temperature tolerance as well as response to inhibitors. Maximal extracellular β-glucosidase activity of 0.56 nkat/mg total protein was measured using p-nitrophenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside as substrate. The recombinant protein displayed a pH optimum of 4.0, and good thermostability as 70% of maximal enzyme activity was retained after 1 h at 60 °C. Activity of the recombinant β-glucosidase was adversely affected by the presence of glucose and ethanol at higher concentrations while xylose had no effect. The expression of the T. pinophilus β-glucosidase did not reach the same titres as for the benchmark; however, in the context of constructing a yeast strain for bioethanol production in a consolidated bioprocess, the enzyme may still show good potential.
PMID: 29797223 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]