絞り込み

16643

広告

Development and biochemical characterization of a mouse model of Parkinson's disease bearing defective glucocerebrosidase activity.

著者 Mus L , Siani F , Giuliano C , Ghezzi C , Cerri S , Blandini F
Neurobiol Dis.2018 Dec 03 ; ():.
この記事をPubMed上で見るPubMedで表示
この記事をGoogle翻訳上で見る Google翻訳で開く

スターを付ける スターを付ける     (68view , 1users)

Full Text Sources

GBA1 gene encode for the lysosomal membrane protein glucocerebrosidase (GCase). GBA1 heterozygous mutations profoundly impair GCase activity and are currently recognized as an important risk factor for the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). Deficits in lysosomal degradation pathways may contribute to pathological α-synuclein accumulation, thereby favoring dopaminergic neuron degeneration and associated microglial activation. However, the precise mechanisms by which GCase deficiency may influence PD onset and progression remain unclear. In this work we used conduritol-β-epoxide (CBE), a potent inhibitor of GCase, to induce a partial, systemic defect of GCase activity comparable to that associated with heterozygous GBA1 mutations, in mice. Chronic (28 days) administration of CBE (50 mg/kg, i.p.) was combined with administration of a classic PD-like inducing neurotoxin, such as MPTP (30 mg/kg, i.p. for 5 days). The aim was to investigate whether a pre-existing GCase defect may influence the effects of MPTP in terms of nigrostriatal damage, microglia activation and α-synuclein accumulation. Pre-treatment with CBE had tendency to enhance MPTP-induced neurodegeneration in striatum and caused significant increase of total α-synuclein expression in substantia nigra. Microglia was remarkably activated by CBE alone, without further increases when combined with MPTP. Overall, we propose this model as an additional tool to study pathophysiological processes of PD in the presence of GCase defects.
PMID: 30521842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
印刷用ページを開く Endnote用テキストダウンロード