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Multiple spontaneous coronary artery ruptures and cardiac tamponade in vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

著者 Ohyama Y , Iso T , Niño ACV , Obokata M , Takahashi R , Okumura W , Nakano A , Amano M , Naito I , Takatama M , Kurabayashi M
J Cardiol Cases.2011 Feb ; 3(1):e29-e32.
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We report a case of a 45-year-old woman with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) type IV, the vascular type, who presented with multiple coronary artery ruptures causing cardiac tamponade. She had sudden onset of chest pain soon after transarterial embolization for right carotid-cavernous fistula. Transthoracic echocardiography confirmed cardiac tamponade and hypokinetic inferolateral wall. Enhanced CT and transesophageal echocardiography ruled out aortic dissection. Coronary angiography showed contrast extravasation from multiple sites of the right coronary artery and left circumflex coronary artery. We suspected EDS type IV, and a skin biopsy for DNA and RNA analysis was done after taking written informed consent. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing of the PCR product showed a heterozygous missense mutation of codon 85 in the gene, which converted glycine to aspartic acid, and thus a diagnosis of EDS type IV was established. To our best knowledge, this is the first case of EDS type IV causing multiple coronary artery ruptures.
PMID: 30532829 [PubMed]
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