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In vivo inactivation of glycosidases by conduritol B epoxide and cyclophellitol as revealed by activity-based protein profiling.

著者 Kuo CL , Kallemeijn WW , Lelieveld LT , Mirzaian M , Zoutendijk I , Vardi A , Futerman AH , Meijer AH , Spaink HP , Overkleeft HS , Aerts JMFG , Artola M
FEBS J.2019 Jan 01 ; ():.
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Glucocerebrosidase (GBA) is a lysosomal β-glucosidase degrading glucosylceramide. Its deficiency causes Gaucher disease (GD), a common lysosomal storage disorder. Carrying a genetic abnormality in GBA constitutes at present the largest genetic risk factor for Parkinson's disease (PD). Conduritol B epoxide (CBE), a mechanism-based irreversible inhibitor of GBA, is used to generate cell and animal models for investigations on GD and PD. However, CBE may have additional glycosidase targets besides GBA. Here, we present the first in vivo target engagement study for CBE, employing a suite of activity-based probes to visualize catalytic pocket occupancy of candidate off-target glycosidases. Only at significantly higher CBE concentrations, non-lysosomal glucosylceramidase (GBA2) and lysosomal α-glucosidase were identified as major off-targets in cells and zebrafish larvae. A tight, but acceptable window for selective inhibition of GBA in the brain of mice was observed. On the other hand, cyclophellitol, a closer glucose mimic, was found to inactivate with equal affinity GBA and GBA2 and therefore is not suitable to generate genuine GD-like models. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
PMID: 30600575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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