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Depression Promotes Hepatocellular Carcinoma Progression through a Glucocorticoids Mediated Up-Regulation of PD-1 Expression in Tumor infiltrating NK Cells.

著者 Zhao Y , Jia Y , Shi T , Wang W , Shao D , Zheng X , Sun M , He K , Chen L
Carcinogenesis.2019 Feb 04 ; ():.
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There is a growing belief that depression was positively associated with the progression of liver cancer. However, the driving molecular events behind the depression in liver cancer are poorly understood and need to be elucidated. Since hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis during depression leads to the excessive release of glucocorticoids (GCs), which suppress the activity of NK cells, we hypothesized that high levels of GCs during depression may inhibit function of tumor infiltrating NK cells during the progress of the liver cancer. Using chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) induced depressed mice model, we showed that the progression of liver cancer was significantly accelerated in the depressed mice. The high levels of GCs were observed in both depressed mice and depressed liver cancer patients. Importantly, the expression of PD-1 on NK cells was specifically increased in the tumor microenvironment rather than that in blood or spleen. Co-culture studies demonstrated that the expression of PD-1 was significantly increased and cytotoxicity of NK92 cells was remarkably decreased by the dexamethasone treatment through PD-L1-dependent pathway. To our best knowledge we firstly found that PD-1/PD-L1 mediated exhaustion of infiltrated NK cells promoted hepatocellular carcinoma progression under depression and provided a novel strategy for GC-mediated anti-depressant therapy in liver cancer patients.
PMID: 30715244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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