This research aims to characterize damage at the sheared edge caused by the blanking operation of magnesium alloy AZ31B sheets. Shearing tests were carried out on an in-house blanking die-set and mechanical press (universal testing machine) by varying punch⁻die clearance and temperature. Edge damage was distinguished by the geometrical features of the sheared edge and by the distribution of the edge strain hardening (ESH) index. In this account, optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy were applied to examine the characteristic dimensions of the sheared edge, fracture profile, and sheared edge quality, while the Vickers hardness test was applied to observe the surface micro-hardness in the shear zone (SZ) and the shear affected zone (SAZ). It was concluded that the blanking of magnesium alloy sheets at room temperature results in sheared edge defects, due to premature fracture, referred to here as micro-cracks, loose particles, and a jagged-plus-curved fracture profile. However, such deformities were completely suppressed with the rise in temperature. In addition, based on optical morphology, micro-hardness tests, and microstructure evolution, the recommendation regarding blanking temperature for the magnesium alloy AZ31B has was proposed.
PMID: 30925675 [PubMed]