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Elevated circulating TGFβ1 during acute liver failure activates TGFβR2 on cortical neurons and exacerbates neuroinflammation and hepatic encephalopathy in mice.

著者 McMillin M , Grant S , Frampton G , Petrescu AD , Williams E , Jefferson B , Thomas A , Brahmaroutu A , DeMorrow S
J Neuroinflammation.2019 Apr 02 ; 16(1):69.
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Acute liver failure resulting from drug-induced liver injury can lead to the development of neurological complications called hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Hepatic transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) is upregulated due to liver failure in mice and inhibiting circulating TGFβ reduced HE progression. However, the specific contributions of TGFβ1 on brain cell populations and neuroinflammation during HE are not known. Therefore, the aim of this study was to characterize hepatic and brain TGFβ1 signaling during acute liver failure and its contribution to HE progression using a combination of pharmacological and genetic approaches.
PMID: 30940161 [PubMed - in process]
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