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Bi-allelic mutations in the glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA1) cause Gaucher's disease, the most common human lysosomal storage disease. We previously reported a marked increase in miR-155 transcript levels and early microglial activation in a zebrafish model of Gaucher's disease (gba1). miR-155 is a master regulator of inflammation and has been implicated in a wide range of different neurodegenerative disorders. The observed miR-155 upregulation preceded the subsequent development of widespread pathology with marked neuroinflammation, closely resembling human Gaucher's disease pathology. We now report similar increases of miR-155 expression in mammalian models of GD, confirming that miR-155 upregulation is a shared feature in glucocerebrosidase (GCase) deficiency across different species. Using CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis we then generated a miR-155 mutant zebrafish line (miR-155) with completely abolished miR-155 expression. Unexpectedly, loss of miR-155 did not mitigate either the reduced lifespan or the robust inflammatory phenotypes of gba1 mutant zebrafish. Our data demonstrate that neither neuroinflammation nor disease progression in GCase deficiency are dependent on miR-155 and suggest that miR-155 inhibition would not be a promising therapeutic target in Gaucher's disease.
PMID: 30981829 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]