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Long-Term Results With the Use of Modified Percutaneous Repair of the Ruptured Achilles Tendon Under Local Anaesthesia (15-Year Analysis With 270 Cases).

著者 Čretnik A , Kosanović M , Košir R
J Foot Ankle Surg.2019 Sep ; 58(5):828-836.
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Controversy regarding the optimal treatment of fresh total Achilles tendon rupture remains. This article presents results with the use of modified percutaneous Achilles tendon repair under local anesthesia performed from January 1991 to December 2005 with a 2- to 10-year follow-up. There were 270 procedures in 247 male patients (92.51%) and 20 female patients (7.49%), mean ± SD age 38.7 ± 11.56 (range 20 to 83) years, in all consecutively treated patients within 7 days after acute total rupture; 3 patients sustained ruptures on both sides in different periods. Postoperative care consisted of wearing a cast or soft cast or functional immobilization for 6 weeks. The procedure was well tolerated in all patients. There were 3 (1.11%) complete and 5 (1.85%) partial repeat ruptures (8 [2.96%] altogether). Fourteen patients (5.18%) developed transient sural neuritis that spontaneously resolved in 2 to 10 months. One case (0.3%) of deep venous thrombosis was successfully treated. There were 25 (9.36%) major and minor complications altogether, with no cases of increased postoperative dorsiflexion, deep infection, or necrosis. Forty-four patients (16.48%) had a slightly decreased range of ankle motion, and 216 (80.89%) patients, including all high-caliber athletes, resumed all their previous activities. The mean American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society hindfoot-ankle score was 96.10 points. Long-term results of the analyzed modified method suggest a reasonable treatment option for acute total Achilles tendon ruptures, with a low number of complications and repeat rupture rate and return to preinjury activities comparable to those of open procedures.
PMID: 31474397 [PubMed - in process]
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