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Defect induced ferromagnetic ordering in epitaxial ZnMnO films on sapphire (0 0 0 1).

著者 Liu WR , Pao CW , Yu DW , Chin YY , Wu WB , Lin HJ , Haw SC , Chu CH , Chao TY , Hsu HC , Chen JM , Hsu CH , Hsieh WF , Chen CT
J Phys Condens Matter.2019 Sep 06 ; 31(48):485708.
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We report the influence of Mn dopant on magnetic properties of ZnMnO (ZMO)/AlO(0 0 0 1) hetero-epitaxial systems grown by using pulsed-laser deposition. The room temperature (RT) intrinsic ferromagnetic (FM) ordering verified by superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectrum of Mn L edges is ascribed to the substitutional Mn atoms in the Zn site of ZnO. Mn in ZMO has a tetrahedral local symmetry instead of the octahedral symmetry of MnO, after verifying the absence of the Mn-related impurities or clusters in ZMO epitaxial film by Mn K-edge and Zn K-edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy spectrum, as well as the analysis of long-range structural ordering on Renninger scan of forbidden (0 0 0 5) reflection in x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectrum. Comparison of x-ray absorption spectra of ZMO with those of ZnO epilayers at O K-, Zn K-, and L -edges indicates that the substitution of the Zn site with Mn enhances the charge-transfer (CT) transition and the presence of Zn vacancies (V) also dominate the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum, implying that the formation of numerous V defects plays an important role in activating FM interactions. The strong CT effect and the existence of high-density V suggest that the intrinsic RT FM ordering of insulating ZMO is a result of the formation of the bound magnetic polarons (BMPs) that interact with each other via intermediate magnetic impurities.
PMID: 31489845 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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