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Clinical Evidence for Treatment of Distal Tibiofibular Syndesmosis Injury: A Systematic Review of Clinical Studies.

著者 Liu G , Chen L , Gong M , Xing F , Xiang Z
J Foot Ankle Surg.2019 Sep 05 ; ():.
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No consensus had been reached about the optimal treatment for syndesmotic fixation. We performed a review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assist in clarifying many of the controversies that were debated for years despite new technology and options. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched through specific terms and limits. Only RCTs were selected for final inclusion. Study screening and data extraction were performed independently by 2 reviewers. Thirteen RCTs, including 828 cases, met the inclusion criteria and are summarized in this review. Pooled results demonstrated that dynamic fixation had better functional outcomes as well as lower rates of malreduction and complications compared with syndesmotic screw fixation. Both absorbable screw and tricortical screw fixation showed similar results to quadricortical metallic screws. Therefore, dynamic fixation is recommended for the treatment of syndesmosis injuries.
PMID: 31494030 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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