Osteoporosis is a significant global health and economic burden associated with bone fracture, morbidity and mortality. Denosumab, a novel human monoclonal antibody second-line treatment, inhibits osteoclast-mediated bone resorption and increases bone mineral density (BMD). Treatment achieves reductions in vertebral, non-vertebral and hip fracture risk. We undertook a service evaluation to review clinical outcomes of patients treated with denosumab in an osteoporosis department that provides regional services. We identified 529 patients (95% female; mean age 72.8 years; 35-98 years), who had at least one dose of denosumab administered for the treatment of osteoporosis. The mean number of denosumab doses administered was 4.9 (range: 1 to 12). 330/529 patients had completed a baseline and post-treatment bone densitometry scan (DXA). The mean observed BMD change at around 18 months at the lumbar spine was +8.4% and at the hip was +3.5%. While the majority have transitioned to shared care administration of treatment within primary care (53%), 20% continue to attend hospital clinics to receive treatment. During follow-up, there were 66 deaths (12%). 15% switched to an alternative treatment or were discharged. This retrospective cohort study demonstrates the clinical effectiveness of denosumab in improving bone mineral density in a real life setting in an ageing, co-morbid population. There has been recent progress with adoption of shared care administration in primary care. As part of a quality improvement programme we have recently developed a dedicated denosumab database and day-case treatment clinic for those receiving treatment in secondary care.
PMID: 31619848 [PubMed - in process]