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がん種類別・ステージ別 5年生存率の詳細データ (NHK)

国立がん研究センターが発表した、5年生存率のがんの種類・ステージ別のデータは以下のとおりです。全体の生存率が高い順に示します。 前立腺がん ▽ステージ1=100...

  1. がん 5年生存率 全体で66.4% 最高...
  2. 首位アジルバがオルメテックを大きく突き放...
  3. 【動画】この薬を食前に飲んで下さい。 (...
  4. 遺伝性乳がん 予防切除、保険適用 中医協...

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Arsenite and cadmium promote the development of mammary tumors.

著者 Divekar SD , Li HH , Parodi DA , Ghafouri TB , Chen R , Cyrus K , Foxworth AE , Fornace AJ , Byrne C , Martin MB
Carcinogenesis.2019 Oct 24 ; ():.
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Previous studies demonstrate that the heavy metal cadmium and the metalloid arsenite activate estrogen receptor-alpha in breast cancer cells by forming a high affinity complex with the ligand binding domain of the receptor and that environmentally relevant doses of cadmium have estrogen-like activity in vivo. The present study showed that in estrogen-receptor positive cells, arsenite and cadmium increased the global expression of estrogen-responsive genes and that an environmentally relevant dose of arsenite also had estrogen-like activity invivo. Similar to estrogens, exposure of ovariectomized animals to arsenite induced the expression of the progesterone receptor, GREB1, and c-fos in the mammary gland and the expression of complement C3, c-fos, and cyclin D1 in the uterus and the increase was blocked by the antiestrogen ICI-182,780. When virgin female animals were fed a diet, that mimics exposure to either arsenite or cadmium, and challenged with the chemical carcinogen dimethylbenzanthracene, there was an increase in the incidence of mammary tumors and a decrease in the time to tumor onset, but no difference in the total number of tumors, tumor multiplicity, or total tumor volume. Together with published results, these data showed that environmentally relevant amounts of arsenite and cadmium had estrogen-like activity in vivo and promoted mammary tumorigenesis.
PMID: 31646340 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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