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Although the colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality rates are decreasing in virtue of CRC screening and improved therapeutic methods, CRC is still a leading cause of cancer deaths. One of the main causes is chemoresistance occurrence in CRC. Understanding of the molecular mechanisms of chemoresistance benefits to CRC diagnosis and treatment. In this study, gene expression was determined by Western blot and qRT-PCR. The biological functions of genes in CRC cells were studied by knocking down or overexpressing the gene in CRC cells and then analyzing cell sensitivity to 5-Fu by the MTT assay and the flow cytometry, and analyzing cell migration and invasion by transwell assays. The luciferase reporter assay was used to examine microRNA regulation of target gene expression, and biotin pulldown assay was performed to detect interaction between RNA molecules. This study found that Ferritin Light Chain (FTL) and long intergenic non-coding RNA Linc00467 were both upregulated in CRC tissues and cell lines, and inversely correlated to CRC patient survival. FTL and Linc00467 promoted CRC cells abilities to resistance against 5-fluor-ouracil (5-Fu), migration and invasion. These effects were compromised by miR-133b which targeted both FTL and Linc00467. miR-133b interacted with Linc00467 and miR-133b inhibitor prevented Linc00467 knockdown-induced alternations of FTL expression and biological functions. Both FTL and Linc00467 are oncogenes in CRC. FTL expression upregulated in CRC via Linc00467/ miR-133b axis, and leads to CRC cell resistance against 5-FU treatment and promotes CRC metastasis.
PMID: 31675755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]