Full Text Sources
Remediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in oily sludge has become the focus of attention. UV spectrophotometer analysis showed that four types of PAHs were found in sample, which including phenanthrene, anthracene, benzo(a)anthracene and benzo(b)fluoranthene. In order to degrade PAH effectively, the laccase reverse micelles system was proposed. The system protects laccase from being affected by organic phase. Reverse micelles were prepared by using isooctane to simulate oil. The optimum water content W was 10 by measuring the electrical conductivity of the system. Under this condition, the effects of pH, temperature and ionic strength on the degradation rate of PAHs were investigated. Also, compared with that of non-immobilized laccase, the ratio between the secondary structures of laccase under different conditions was studied. The results showed that the highest laccase activity was obtained at pH 4.2 and 30 °C with 60 mmol/L KCl. Meanwhile, the structure of α-helix accounts for the largest proportion, and the ratio of α-helix in the laccase secondary structure in the laccase-reverse micelle system was higher than that of the non-immobilized one under this condition. Finally, predicting the reactive site of the degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons was simulated by ORCA (Version 4.2.0). The application in oily sludge was further conducted. This study provides an effective method and basis for the degradation of PAHs in oily sludge.
PMID: 31740057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]