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Yellow drum (Nibea albiflora) is an important maricultural fish in China, and genetic improvement is necessary for this species. This research evaluated the application of genomic selection methods to predict the genetic values of seven economic traits for yellow drum. Using genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), we estimated the genetic parameters for seven traits, including body length (BL), swimming bladder index (SBI), swimming bladder weight (SBW), body thickness (BT), body height (BH), body length/body height ratio (LHR), and gonad weight index (GWI). The heritability estimates ranged from 0.309 to 0.843. We evaluated the prediction performance of various statistical methods, and no one method provided the highest predictive ability for all traits. We then evaluated and compared the use of genome-wide association study (GWAS)-informative SNPs and random SNPs for prediction and found that GWAS-informative SNPs obviously increased. It only needed 5 and 100 informative SNPs for LHR and BT to achieve almost the same predictive abilities as using genome-wide SNPs, and for BL, SBI, SBW, BH, and GWI, about 1000 to 3000 informative SNPs were needed to achieve whole-genome level predictive abilities. It can be concluded from the test results that breeders can use fewer SNPs to save the breeding costs of genomic selection for some traits.
PMID: 31745748 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]