Phosphate is actively involved in many important biochemical pathways, such as energy and nucleic acid metabolism, cellular signaling, and bone formation. Hypophosphatemia, defined as serum phosphate levels below 2.5 mg/dL (0.81 mmol/L), is frequently observed in the course of treatment with commonly used drugs, such as diuretics, bisphosphonates, antibiotics, insulin, and antacids. Furthermore, this undesired effect may complicate the use of several novel medications, including teriparatide, denosumab, parenteral iron, and antiviral and antineoplastic agents. This review addresses drug-associated hypophosphatemia, focusing on underlying mechanisms and the most recent knowledge on this topic, in order to increase the insight of clinicians, with reference to early diagnosis and appropriate management.
PMID: 31776845 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]