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This study aimed to investigate the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of cistanche on sevoflurane-induced aged cognitive dysfunction rat model. Aged (24 months) male SD rats were randomly assigned to four groups: control group, sevoflurane group, control + cistanche and sevoflurane + cistanche group. Subsequently, inflammatory cytokine levels were measured by ELISA, and the cognitive dysfunction of rats was evaluated by water maze test, open-field test and the fear conditioning test. Three days following anaesthesia, the rats were killed and hippocampus was harvested for the analysis of relative biomolecules. The oxidative stress level was indicated as nitrite and MDA concentration, along with the SOD and CAT activity. Finally, PPAR-γ antagonist was used to explore the mechanism of cistanche in vivo. The results showed that after inhaling the sevoflurane, 24- but not 3-month-old male SD rats developed obvious cognitive impairments in the behaviour test 3 days after anaesthesia. Intraperitoneal injection of cistanche at the dose of 50 mg/kg for 3 consecutive days before anaesthesia alleviated the sevoflurane-induced elevation of neuroinflammation levels and significantly attenuated the hippocampus-dependent memory impairments in 24-month-old rats. Cistanche also reduced the oxidative stress by decreasing nitrite and MDA while increasing the SOD and CAT activity. Moreover, such treatment also inhibited the activation of microglia. In addition, we demonstrated that PPAR-γ inhibition conversely alleviated cistanche-induced protective effect. Taken together, we demonstrated that cistanche can exert antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptosis and anti-activation of microglia effects on the development of sevoflurane-induced cognitive dysfunction by activating PPAR-γ signalling.
PMID: 31802591 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]