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This study investigated the modification of moso bamboo biochar with polyethyleneimine (PEI) for the efficient enrichment of U(VI) in aqueous solution. The alkali/acid treated biochars with amine groups (PEI-alkali-biochar or PEI-acid-biochar) were characterized by SEM, BET, TGA, FTIR and XPS. The effects of contact time, U(VI) concentration, pH and ionic strength on U(VI) adsorption by PEI-alkali/acid-biochar were studied. U(VI) adsorption process on PEI-alkali/acid-biochar obeys pseudo-second-order model. Intraparticle diffusion model was used to investigate the controlled factors of the adsorption process. The fitting of Langmuir model gives the maximum adsorption capacities of 212.7 mg/g for PEI-alkali-biochar and 185.6 mg/g for PEI-acid-biochar, which are almost 9-10 times higher than that of pristine biochar (20.1 mg/g). The thermodynamic parameters illustrate that U(VI) adsorption on PEI-alkali/acid-biochar is an exothermic and spontaneous process. The FTIR and XPS analyses imply that U(VI) adsorption by PEI-alkali/acid-biochar is mainly controlled by complexation between U(VI) and amine groups. PEI-alkali/acid-biochar could be considered as a low-cost and outstanding material for U(VI) removal from radionuclide wastewater in practical application.
PMID: 31806329 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]