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Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs), which are present in most organs and tissues, were evaluated as a novel medium for stem cell therapy. In this study, we investigated the effects and underlying mechanisms of ADSCs in bladder tumor (BT) cells. SV-HUC, T24, and EJ cells were cultured with ADSCs and conditioned medium from ADSCs (ADSC-CM). We observed that in routine culture, ADSCs significantly inhibited the proliferation of T24 and EJ cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, ADSC-CM attenuated the viability of T24 and EJ cells in a dose-dependent manner. Cell cycle analysis indicated that ADSC-CM was capable of inducing T24 and EJ cells S phase arrest and downregulating the expression of CDK 1, whereas the expression of cyclin A was increased. ADSC-CM could induce apoptosis in T24 cells. The mechanism of this effect likely involved the caspase3/7 pathway and Wnt/β-catenin pathway. These findings demonstrated that ADSCs could inhibit the proliferation of BT cells via secretory factors.
PMID: 31809208 [PubMed - in process]