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Stable carbon isotope analysis of polyphosphonate complexing agents by anion chromatography coupled to isotope ratio mass spectrometry: method development and application.

著者 Martin PR , Buchner D , Jochmann MA , Haderlein SB
Anal Bioanal Chem.2019 Dec 07 ; ():.
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Compound-specific carbon isotope analysis (carbon CSIA) by liquid chromatography/isotope ratio mass spectrometry (LC-IRMS) is a novel and promising tool to elucidate the environmental fate of polar organic compounds such as polyphosphonates, strong complexing agents for di- and trivalent cations with growing commercial importance over the last decades. Here, we present a LC-IRMS method for the three widely used polyphosphonates 1-hydroxyethane 1,1-diphosphonate (HEDP), amino tris(methylenephosphonate) (ATMP), and ethylenediamine tetra(methylenephosphonate) (EDTMP). Separation of the analytes, as well as ATMP and its degradation products, was carried out on an anion exchange column under acidic conditions. Quantitative wet chemical oxidation inside the LC-IRMS interface to CO was achieved for all three investigated polyphosphonates at a comparatively low sodium persulfate concentration despite the described resilience of HEDP towards oxidative breakdown. The developed method has proven to be suitable for the determination of carbon isotope fractionation of ATMP transformation due to manganese-catalyzed reaction with molecular oxygen, as well as for equilibrium sorption of ATMP to goethite. A kinetic isotope effect was associated with the investigated reaction pathway, whereas no detectable isotope fractionation could be observed during sorption. Thus, CSIA is an appropriate technique to distinguish between sorption and degradation processes that contribute to a concentration decrease of ATMP in laboratory batch experiments. Our study highlights the potential of carbon CSIA by LC-IRMS to gain a process-based understanding of the fate of polyphosphonate complexing agents in environmental as well as technical systems.
PMID: 31813019 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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