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This article presents the application of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) finite volume method (FVM) model for a thermo-mechanical coupling simulation of the weld pool used in variable polarity plasma arc welding (VPPAW). Based on the mechanism of the additional pressure produced through self-magnetic arc compression and the jet generated from mechanical plasma arc compression, and considering the influence of arc height and keyhole secondary compression on arc pressure, a three-dimensional transient model of variable polarity plasma arc (VPPA) arc pressure was established. The material flow behaviors of the perforated weld pools were studied. The results show that three kinds of flow behavior existed in the perforation weld pools and it is feasible to predict the weld pool stability by the material flow behaviors of the perforated weld pools. The weld pools can exist stably if the material flow in the bottom of the perforated weld pools can form confluences with moderate flow velocities of 0.45 m/s, 0.55 m/s and 0.60 m/s. The weld pools were cut when the material flowed downward and outward with the maximum velocity of 0.70 m/s, 0.80 m/s. When the maximum material flow velocity was 0.40 m/s, the weld pool collapsed downward under the action of larger gravity. The thermo-mechanical coupling model was verified by the comparison of the simulation and experimental results.
PMID: 31936577 [PubMed]