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A novel mutation in the gene in a Japanese patient with SPG46: A case report.

著者 Nakamura-Shindo K , Ono K , Koh K , Ishiura H , Tsuji S , Takiyama Y , Yamada M
eNeurologicalSci.2020 Jun ; 19():100238.
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Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by pyramidal weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. SPG46, one of autosomal recessive HSP, is clinically characterized by spasticity and pyramidal weakness of the lower limbs, mental retardation, congenital bilateral cataract, thin corpus callosum, and hypogonadism in males. Mutations in the nonlysosomal glucosylceramidase β2 () gene have been identified in patients with SPG46. A Japanese woman was identified with bilateral cataracts when she was in an elementary school. She felt falling easily, speaking unclearness, and difficulty in walking and raising her left leg in her 30s. Her neurological examination at the age of 44 revealed dysarthria, spasticity in the upper and lower extremities, increased jaw jerk and tendon reflexes in the extremities, bilateral extensor plantar reflexes, ataxia, and pollakiuria. Magnetic resonance imaging showed thinning of the corpus callosum body as well as atrophy in the pons and cerebellum. A novel homozygous c.1838A > G (p.D613G) missense mutation was detected at exon 12 in . We diagnosed her illness as an autosomal-recessive form of hereditary SPG46. The clinical features matched previously reported phenotype of SPG46. This is the first report of a Japanese patient with SPG46 with a novel mutation in . We presume that the novel missense mutation found in our patient would cause loss of activity, resulting in the neurological manifestations of SPG46.
PMID: 32280793 [PubMed]
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